Introduction: Role modeling is the essence of teacing and an effective teaching method in medical education, particularly in nursing education . Role modeling and mentoring in teaching and learning are two very useful strategies in clinical education, have key role. Therefore, the introduction of new teaching methods and use them as discipline to achieve maximum efficiency in medical knowledge seems necessary. This study is an overview of the role modleling and mentoring in nursing and particularly its application in nursing education has been done.
Methods: Details of this study was to review and summarize the review of relevant literature and through targeted searches of library and electronic resources in the database ScienceDirect, PubMed,Google Scholar, SID, IranMedex, Magiran with keywords, role-modeling, Mentor, Mentoring and nursing education in Persian and English separately and in combination were obtained and related articles of the present study were examined . Papers from 1990 to 2014 were studied. Papers were initially about 80 to about 50 articles from the literature related to the present study were reviewed.
Result: In this review article Angles, Characteristics, differences and different dimensions of two educational programs Mentoring and role modeling was expressed and Important aspect of education, clinical, knowledge, with emphasis on nursing profession from the perspective of different studies was examined.
Role modeling has impact in theoretical instruction also, it is used in the clinical setting. Role modeling in education cause promoting in professional job of students and an acceptable strategy for transforming attitudes and professional behaviors of nursing students. in contrast, Mentoring is an active process and many faculty members have active responsibility to serve as the Mentor in clinical education.
Conclusion: Mentoring in nursing is a process that fills the gap between education and the real world of work. Role modeling as an appropriate and reflective learning strategies. Both of these programs have a valuable role in nurse job satisfaction. Therefore, knowledge of educational approaches and factors that may affect it, is important for instructional designers and instructors.