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:: Volume 12, Issue 1 (2020) ::
RME 2020, 12(1): 14-23 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between family emotional atmosphere and creative problem solving with mediator role of Critical thinking among students
Z Moein , M Hejazi * , Z Morovati , MR Oroji
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Branch, Zanjan, Iran , masoud.hejaziaz@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2218 Views)
Introduction: Critical thinking and family emotional atmosphere are two factors that can help students to solve difficult problems. In this regards, it is necessary to examine the relationship between these factors and creative problem solving. This study aimed to determine the mediating role of critical thinking in the relationship between family emotional atmosphere and creative problem solving among students of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in 1397-98.
Methods: This is a descriptive and correlational study which has been done on 275 Professional Doctorate students of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 1397-98.  Sample size were selected using Cochran and stratified random sampling method. Data were collected using standard questionnaires of Hill Burn Family Emotional Atmosphere (1964), Baser Creative Problem Solving (2004) and Rickets Critical Thinking Questionnaire (2003). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression tests by SPSS. The four-step method of Baron and Kenny was used to determine the mediator role.
Results: In a sample of  275 students, 167 (60.7%) were male and 108 (39.3%) female. There was also a significant relationship between family emotional atmosphere with creative problem solving (r= 0.231 and P= 0.003) and creativity component (r= 0.243 and P= 0.021). The relationship between critical thinking and creative problem solving (r= 0.385, P= 0.002), excellence (r= 0.383, P= 0.002), and commitment (r= 0.348, P= 0.008) were also significant. Finally, the mediating role of critical thinking in the relationship between family emotional atmosphere and creative problem solving was con.
Conclusion: based on results, there was a significant relationship between Family's emotional atmosphere and creative problem solving in students. Critical thinking played a mediating role between the two main variables so that two variables were  removed  from the relationship by being in the relationship of emotional atmosphere and creative problem solving.
Keywords: Emotional Atmosphere, Family, Critical Thinking, Creative, problem solving
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational psychology
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Moein Z, Hejazi M, Morovati Z, oroji M. Relationship between family emotional atmosphere and creative problem solving with mediator role of Critical thinking among students. RME. 2020; 12 (1) :14-23
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Volume 12, Issue 1 (2020) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education