[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (2018) ::
RME 2018, 10(3): 67-77 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Keller's Educational-Motivational Design with Demographic Characteristics in Medical Students of Basic Sciences
Sh Saravani , H Mirzahosseini * , M Zargham Hajebi
Department of Clinical Psychology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran , Mirzahoseini.hasan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2738 Views)
Introduction: Keller's motivational educational design is an applied model for designing instruction that has emphasized on creating and reinforcing motivation in learners to improve learning. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the relationship between this model and demographic characteristics in applying educational programs that are the goals of third-generation universities.
Methods: This is  a descriptive-analytic correlation type study. The statistical population consisted of all undergraduate students studying in the basic sciences of Iran University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 96-97 so that 401 of them were selected through random hierarchical cluster sampling method. To collect data, Keller Motivation Questionnaire and Demographic Information Form were used. Validity and reliability of Keller motivation questionnaire was confirmed by content validity and Cronbach's alpha ( 0.83) respectively.
Data were analyzed using descriptive (Frequency distribution tables) and inferential (One Way ANOVA and T- Test) statistics methods by SPSS.
Results: The results showed that in each of the demographic characteristics of students with gender Female (58.6%), single (97.3%), fathers with higher education (48.8%) and employed mothers (53.2%) with undergraduate and postgraduate education (38.3%) who were residents of non-Tehran cities (53.5%), were the most studied subjects and the Mean (standard deviation) Score of satisfaction component (20.87± 3.444) of Keller motivation in the whole of the study population was higher than other components .However ,ANOVA showed that there was no significant correlation between any of the components of motivation, especially the satisfaction component with the demographic characteristics of gender (F=2.987, P=0.118), location status (F=2.049, P=0.591), father's education (F=0.762, P=0.467), mother's education (F=1.153, P=0.317), economic status (F=3.050, P=0.144), and mother's job status (F=2.795, P=0.063).
Conclusion: The demographic factors studied in this study did not directly affect the motivational and educational processes of medical students. Therefore, officials and educational planners can consider other factors such as personality traits, self-efficacy and students’ positive beliefs in enhancing the effectiveness of educational design in flourishing of the capacities and potential of medical students.
Keywords: educational design, academic Motivation, Educational Status, Demography, Students, Medical
Full-Text [PDF 465 kb]   (624 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational psychology
1. Pingetch P, Shonk D. Motivation in education (theory, research, and applications). Tehran: Elm; 2016. [Persian]
2. Graham S, Taylor AZ. Attribution Theory And Motivation In School: Handbook of motivation at school; 2016.
3. Fardanesh H.Educational Design: Basics, Approaches and Applications. Tehran: Samt; 2014.[Persian]
4. Armstrong SW, Hope WC. Technical College Teachers' Communication and Its Impact on Student Motivation. Journal of Education and Human Development 2016; 5 (1): 24-33. [DOI:10.15640/jehd.v5n1a3]
5. Olusola o. Intinsic Motivation, Job Satisfaction and Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Job Performance of Industrial Workers in Ijebu Zone of Ogun State. Journal of international social research 2011; 4 (17).
6. Rotgans JI, Schmidt HG. The role of teachers in facilitating situational interest in an active-learning classroom. Teaching and Teacher Education 2011; 27 (1): 37-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.tate.2010.06.025]
7. Wentzel KR, Battle A, Russell SL, Looney LB. Social supports from teachers and peers as predictors of academic and social motivation. Contemporary Educational Psychology 2010; 35 (3): 193-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2010.03.002]
8. Garshasbi A, Khorsand E, Taghizadeh A. The Effect of Self- Regulation Skills Training on Academic Achievement Motivation and Academic Performance of Nursing Students in English lesson. Journal of Research in Medical Education 2018; 10 (1): 1-9. [Persian]
9. Arfaee K, Amirali Akbari S, Shahbazzadegan S. Factors related to job motivation, midwifery profession from the viewpoint of students of Tehran medical universities. Journal of Nursing Midwifery Faculty of Ardabil 2010; 12 (1): 22. [Persian]
10. Zarabian, F. The Study of Blended-Teaching Methods on Learning, Motivation and Interest in learning Anatomy Courses in Medical Students. Journal of Research in Medical Education 2018; 10 (1): 63-71. [Persian]
11. Akbari B.Affecting Factors on Students Progress Due to Demographic Variables. Journal Women and Health 2010; 1 (3): 25-40.[Persian]
12. Schumm MF, Bogner FX. The impact of science motivation on cognitive achievement within a 3-lesson unit about renewable energies. Studies in Educational Evaluation 2016; 50: 14-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.stueduc.2016.06.002]
13. Pervin LA. Character: Theory and Research. Tehran: Aeezh; 2014. [Persian]
14. Roohi G, Asayesh H. Students' academic motivation in Golestan university of medical sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2012; 12 (3): 152-159. [Persian]
15. Fardanesh H. Educational Design: Basics, Approaches and Applications. Tehran: Samt; 2014.[Persian]
16. Keller JM. What are the elements of learner motivation. ]Cited 2018 June10[. Available from: https://www.learning-theories.com/kellers-arcs-model-of-motivational-design.html.
17. Naseh L, Mardanian Dehkordi L, Naseh H. Study of academic motivation and its related factors in students of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. Journal of the Center for Research and Development of Medical Education in Yazd 2017; 12 (1and 2): 27-39. [Persian]
18. Soltani Arabshahi SK, Bigdeli S, Kuhpaeezadeh J, Jafarpour A. Designing a Reliable and Valid Instrument to Determine the Effective Motivational Factors on Medical Students Learning Based on Keller's ARCS Model. Journal of Education Strategy in Medical Sciences 2013; 6 (4): 241-6. [Persian]
19. Roodbari M, Ahmadi A, Ebadi Fard Azar F.Determining the Factors Affecting the Academic Achievement of Students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Hemmat Campus) in the academic year of 2009-2010. Journal of Medicine and Tropical Medicine 2010; 19 (3), 37-48. [Persian]
20. Ramezani A, Hedayati SP, Faraji A, Khamsayee M, Heidari Mokarar M.The study of academic motivation and its related factors among students of Zabol University of Medical Sciences in 2009. Journal of Rostamineh Zabol University of Medical Sciences 2010: (3).[Persian]
21. Pirzahi A, Behravan H. Sociological Factors Affecting the Students' Motivation for Students at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Journal of Social Sciences Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences Ferdowsi University of Mashhad 2013; Autumn and Winter 2013: 23-56. [Persian]
22. Rahimi Pordanjani S, Heshmati H, Moghaddam Z. The study of the frequency and factors affecting the educational decline of dormitory students of paramedical and health departments of Golestan University of Medical Sciences in 2010-2011 academic year. Journal of Torbat-e-Heydarieh University of Medical Sciences 2014; 2 (1). [Persian]
23. Abbaszadeh M, Alizadeh Aghdam M, Kouhi K. Socio-individual factors influencing academic motivation in high school students. Journal of Sociology 1998 (1): 43-66. [Persian]
Send email to the article author

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saravani S, Mirzahosseini H, Zargham Hajebi M. The Relationship between Keller's Educational-Motivational Design with Demographic Characteristics in Medical Students of Basic Sciences . RME. 2018; 10 (3) :67-77
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-660-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 3 (2018) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education