[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (2022) ::
RME 2022, 14(2): 38-47 Back to browse issues page
Identifying and Explaining effective factors on Clinical Education of Medical Students in Virtual Education: Corona Pandemic
ZS Javadi * , K Nouri Hasan
School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , zb.javadi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (670 Views)
Introduction: Corona virus has disrupted medical education in the world. Most medical schools try to use e- learning to maintain the standard learning of medical students in teaching hospitals. The aim of this study was to identify and explain the factors affecting the clinical education of medical students in distance education in coronary conditions.
Method: This qualitative study was performed by content analysis method. Sample research was articles on virtual education, medical education and clinical education in Corona pandemics. 23 articles were selected for the final review. Open coding of articles was performed using MAXQDA10 software. In the next step, the codes were grouped based on conceptual and semantic similarity, and each category was named with the titles that indicated its characteristics. In order to check the validity of the research, the text of the articles was given to two medical education specialists to be coded.
Results: The results of data analysis in the process led to the identification of 73 open codes, which finally by categorizing and analyzing the codes, 3 main categories and 7 central categories, including increasing the clinical competence of medical students in corona pandemic (reducing harm to patients using virtual education Improving the quality and quantity of learning using e- learning, increasing students' communication skills in virtual clinical education), Improving the quality of clinical education using the virtual education approach (creating and maintaining standard learning, creating a suitable platform for virtual clinical education), developing clinical education using e-learning (reducing time and space constraints in clinical education using cyberspace, creating a simulation environment for clinical education) was formed.
Conclusion: Decreasing the quality and quantity of medical education in medical universities over time has a negative effect on the treatment of patients and their health. Due to the corona pandemic and the reduction of medical education in teaching hospitals, e- learning as a new approach in learning can be used to improve the quality of clinical education.
Keywords: Coronavirus, Virtual Teaching, Clinical Education
Full-Text [PDF 356 kb]   (246 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational technology, e-Learning,Virtual Education
1. Mennin S. Self organisation, integration and curriculum in the complex world of medical education. Medical education 2010; 44 (1): 20- 30. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2009.03548.x]
2. Leisy HB, Ahmad M. Altering workplace attitudes for resident education (AWARE): discovering solutions for medical resident bullying through literature review]. BMC medical education 2016; 16 (1): 127. doi: 10.1186/ s12909- 016- 0639- 8. [DOI:10.1186/s12909-016-0639-8]
3. Walker KO, Calmes D, Hanna N, Baker R. The impact of public hospital closure on medical and residency education: implications and recommendations. Journal of the National Medical Association 2008; 100 (12): 1377- 1383. [DOI:10.1016/S0027-9684(15)31537-6]
4. Pournamdar Z, Salehiniya H, Shahrakipoor M, Sohrabzade S.[Nurse and Midwifery Students' Satisfaction of Clinical Education in Hospitals of Zahedan]. RME 2015; 7 (2) :45-51. [Persian] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.rme.7.2.45]
5. Taheri A, Forghani S, Atapour SH, Hasanzadeh A. [Effective factors in effective clinical education from the perspective of teachers and students of the Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2011; 9 (11):1131- 1139. [Persian]
6. Zamanzadeh V, Abdollahzadeh F, Lotfi M, Aghazadeh A. [Evaluation of clinical education areas from the perspective of nursing and midwifery instructors of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2006]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2007; 7 (2): 299- 307. [Persian]
7. Tabatabaei SH. [COVID- 19 impact and virtual medical education]. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism 2020; 8 (3): 141- 145. [Persian]
8. Delavar S, Ghorbani M. [The role of virtual education in students' creative learning from the perspective of faculty members of Bojnourd universities]. Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences 2011; 2(3): 17-27. [Persian]
9. Emami H Aghdasi M, Asousheh A. [E-learning in medical education]. Research in medical education 2010; 33 (2): 102- 111. [Persian]
10. Ghaznavi MR, Najjari M, Rahimi AM. [Investigating the role of new educational technologies in the teaching efficiency of teachers]. National Conference on New Psychology with Emphasis on its Applications in Work and Life 2018; 97180- 90101. [Persian]
11. Smolle J. Virtual medical campus: the increasing importance of E- learning in medical education. Tijdschrift Voor Medisch Onderwijs 2010; 29 (1): 42- 47. [DOI:10.1007/s12507-010-0008-2]
12. Hoernke K, McGrath H, Quan The J, Salazar O. Virtual Learning Innovations for Continuing Clinical Education during COVID- 19. Medical Science Educator 2020; 30:1345-1346. [DOI:10.1007/s40670-020-01090-0]
13. Porpiglia F, Checcucci E, Autorino R and et al. Traditional and Virtual Congress Meetings During the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Post- COVID- 19 Era: Is it Time to Change the Paradigm?. Primary Care Diabetes 2021; 15 (2021): 958- 976. [DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2020.04.018]
14. De Ponti R, Marazzato J, Maresca A, Rovera F, Carcano G Ferrario, M. Pre-graduation medical training including virtual reality during COVID- 19 pandemic: a report on students' perception. BMC Medical Education 2020; 20 (332): 1- 7. [DOI:10.1186/s12909-020-02245-8]
15. Razmara Farzaghi H, Razmara Farzaghi M, Javadi Nia SA.[The plan for the development of health and medical education; The need to provide educational appendices]. Developmental steps in medical education 2015; 12 (5): 689- 90. [Persian]
16. Mehrdad N, skouei SF, Seyed Fatemi N. Qualitative content analysis.Tehran:Boshra;2015. [Persian]
17. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Educ Today. 2004 Feb;24(2):105-12. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2003.10.001]
18. Ding A. Medical education- collateral damage of COVID- 19?. Postgrad Med 2021; 7 (1148): 404- 405. [DOI:10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-138332]
19. Sundler AJ, Pettersson A, Berglund M. Undergraduate nursing students' experiences when examining nursing skills in clinical simulation laboratories with high-fidelity patient simulators: A phenomenological research study. Nurse Educ Today 2015; 35(12): 1257-1261. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.04.008]
20. Johnsen K, Dickerson R, Raij A, Lok B. Experiences in Using Immersive Virtual Characters to Educate Medical Communication Skills. [Cited 2022 Jun 21 ]. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/4165394
21. Dedeilia A, Sotiropoulos MG, Hanrahan JG, Janga D, Dedeilias P, Sideris M. Medical and surgical education challenges and innovations in the COVID-19 era: a systematic review. In vivo 2020;34(3 suppl):1603-11. [DOI:10.21873/invivo.11950]
22. Wald HS, Davis SW, Reis SP, Monroe AD, Borkan JM.Reflecting on reflections: Enhancement of medical education curriculum with structured field notes and guided feedback. Academic Medicine 2009; 84 (7): 830-837. [DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181a8592f]
23. Jazini A. [The effect of virtual education courses of universities and non-profit institutions on knowledge development]. Journal of Training & Development of Human Resources 2018; 5 (16): 133- 150. [Persian]
24. Ray J, Wong A, Yang T, Buck S, Joseph M, Bonz et al.Virtual Telesimulation for Medical Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Academic Medicine 2021; 96 (10): 1431- 1435. [DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000004129]
25. Newman NA, Lattouf OM. Coalition for medical education-A call to action: A proposition to adapt clinical medical education to meet the needs of students and other healthcare learners during COVID‐19. Journal of cardiac surgery 2020;35(6):1174-5. [DOI:10.1111/jocs.14590]
26. Rose Suzanne. Medical Student Education in the Time of COVID-19. JAMA 2020;323(21):2131-2132. [DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.5227]
27. Tolu LB, Feyissa GT, Ezeh A, Gudu W. Managing Resident Workforce and Residency Training During COVID-19 Pandemic: Scoping Review of Adaptive Approaches. Adv Med Educ Pract 2020; 11: 527- 535. [DOI:10.2147/AMEP.S262369]
28. Al- Balas M, Ibrahim E, Al- Balas M. Jaber H, Obeidat K, Al- Balas H et al. Distance learning in clinical medical education amid COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan: current situation, challenges, and Perspectives. BMC Medical Education 2020; 2-7. [DOI:10.1186/s12909-020-02257-4]
29. Adams S, Wyles E. A Novel Approach to Clinical Education through Distance Learning. The Journal of the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry 2020; 46 (1):1- 9.
30. Durfee SM, Goldenson RP, Gill RR, Rincon SP, Flower E, Avery LL. Medical student education roadblock due to COVID-19: virtual radiology core clerkship to the rescue. Academic radiology 2020;27(10):1461-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.acra.2020.07.020]
31. Salari F, Sepahi V. [Challenges of Virtual Medical Sciences Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review]. Educational Research in Medical Sciences 2021; 10 (1): e117948. [Persian] [DOI:10.5812/erms.117948]
32. Drake R. A retrospective and prospective look at medical education in the United States: trends shaping anatomical sciences education. J Anat 2014; 224 (3): 256- 260. [DOI:10.1111/joa.12054]
33. Cecilio-Fernandes D, Parisi MC, Santos TM, Sandars J. The COVID-19 pandemic and the challenge of using technology for medical education in low and middle income countries. MedEdPublish 2020;9(74):74. [DOI:10.15694/mep.2020.000074.1]
34. Peykari H, Shakiba E, Barifezabadi S. Investigating the effect of technology readiness on the acceptance of e- learning system among nurses Hospitals of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Educational Development in Medical Sciences 2021; 14 (41): 45- 49. [DOI:10.52547/edcj.14.41.63]
35. Harden RM, Hart IR. An international virtual medical school (IVIMEDS): the future for medical education?. Medical Teacher 2009; 24 (3): 261-7. [DOI:10.1080/01421590220141008]
36. Shariati M, Younesian M, Harirchi I, Khosravi A. [The effect of using virtual patients in surgical education of medical students: a randomized controlled intervention study]. Journal of Knowledge and Health 2007; 3 (1): 2- 8. [Persian]
37. Nematbakhsh M. [Research in the health system transformation plan]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2015; 15 (11): 64- 66. [Persian]
38. Lotfi M, Sagheb MM, Amini M et al. [Analysis of the level of satisfaction with the Yalini education system in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences with a 360-degree evaluation approach]. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences 2011; 20(114): 59-68.
39. Kian M. [Challenges of Virtual Education: Narrating what is not taught in a virtual university]. IJVLMS 2013; 5 (3): 11- 22. [Persian]
40. Abbasi F, Hejazi E, Hakimzadeh R. [The lived experience of primary school teachers of teaching opportunities and challenges in the student education network (Shad): A phenomenological study]. Scientific Quarterly of Teaching Research 2020; 8 (3);1-24. [Persian]
41. Kanneganti A, Sia CH, Ashokka B, Beng Suat S, Beng Suat SH. Continuing medical education during a pandemic: an academic institution's experience. Postgrad Med J 2020; 96 (1137):384-6. [DOI:10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-137840]
42. Janighorban M, Elahedadian M, Haghani F. [Simulation of a solution to improve clinical education]. Nursing education 2013; 2 (3): 55- 65. [Persian]
Send email to the article author

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Javadi Z, Nouri Hasan K. Identifying and Explaining effective factors on Clinical Education of Medical Students in Virtual Education: Corona Pandemic. RME 2022; 14 (2) :38-47
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1150-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 14, Issue 2 (2022) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education