[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 12, Issue 1 (2020) ::
rme 2020, 12(1): 4-13 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Training on the Strategies of Constructive Thinking and Self-efficacy of Medical Sciences Students
E Ghadampour * , L Amirian , S Khodaei , P Padervand
Department of Psychology , Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Lorestan, Khorramabad, Iran , ghadampour.e@lu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (499 Views)
Introduction: Attention to critical thinking is one of the higher educationُs goals and is a key component in studentsُ mental health. This study aimed to investigate the effect of critical thinking strategies on constructive thinking and self-efficacy of students.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design with control group. The sample consisted of 40 students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 2017-2018 who were selected by available sampling method and were randomly divided into two control and case groups. Before and after the Critical Thinking training, Emotional Productivity Strategies of Spain and Meyer (1990) and Morris Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (2001) were used to measure the emotional productivity of both validity and reliability indices. Critical thinking training was administered to the case group separately, for 10 sessions of 90 minutes and from the two post-test groups. Finally, the data obtained from pre-test and post-test scores of the case and control groups were analyzed by SPSS software using covariance analysis.
Results: The results showed that the correlation coefficient between constructive thinking strategies and self-efficacy was 0.241. The results also showed that between the mean scores of constructive thinking strategies (8.81) and self-efficacy (83.3) in control group also in the mean scores of constructive thinking strategies (86.1) and self-efficacy (76.4) in the experimental group no significant differences was observed. Findings indicated that between the mean scores of constructive thinking strategies (0.78) and self-efficacy (81.6) in the control group and the mean scores of constructive thinking strategies (88.4) and self-efficacy (99.05) there was a significant differences in the experimental group (F = 12.57, P <0.001).
Conclusion: Therefore, considering the use of Critical Thinking training has a positive effect on increasing students 'constructive and self-efficacy thinking strategies and enhances students' constructive and self-efficacy thinking strategies, training courses in this field in educational centers Recommended.
Keywords: Critical Thinking, Constructive Thinking, Self-Efficacy, Students, Medical Sciences
Full-Text [PDF 493 kb]   (119 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational psychology
References
1. Rahimi S. [Effect of educational and career planning on academic self-concept and satisfaction in second grade public high school in the city mamasani [dissertation] . Tehran: Teacher Training University; 2004. [Persian]
2. Bandura A. Social cognitive theory of personality. Handbook of personality. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Publications; 1999.
3. tewart G, Courtright S, Manz C. Self-Leadership: a Multilevel Review. Journal of Management2011; 37 (1): 122-185. [DOI:10.1177/0149206310383911]
4. Maddux JE. Self -efficacy. In snyder and forsyth (eds); Hand book of social and clinical psychology: the Health perspective; 1999.
5. Neck CP, Nouri H, Godwin JL. How Self-Leadership Affects the Goal- Setting Process; Human Resource Management Review 2003; 13(4):691-707. [DOI:10.1016/j.hrmr.2003.11.009]
6. Emam Qoli Zadeh S. [Effects of Pragmatism,Great Aspirations].Tadbir 2009;199:40-44. [Persian]
7. Rosenthal R, Jacobson L. Pygmalion in the Classroom: Teacher Expectation and Pupil's Intellectual Development. New York: Rinehart and Winston;1968.
8. Merton RK. The Self-fulfilling Prophecy. Antioch Review 1946; 8(2):193-210. [DOI:10.2307/4609267]
9. Inamori T, Analoui F, Kakabadse N. Can Perceptual Differences Account for Managerial Success? The Case of Japanese Aid Workers. Management Research Review 2011; 35(1): 32- 51. [DOI:10.1108/01409171211190797]
10. Wong JT, Hui EC. Research Notes - Power of Expectations. Property Management 2006; 24(5): 496 - 506. [DOI:10.1108/02637470610710547]
11. Babad EY, Inbar J Rosenthal R. Pygmalion, Galatea, and the Golem: Investigations of Biased and Unbiased Teachers. Journal of Education Psychology1982; 74 (4):549. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0663.74.4.459]
12. Neck CP, Manz, CC. Thought self-leadership: The impact of self-talk and mental imagery on performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior 1992; 13(7): 681-699. [DOI:10.1002/job.4030130705]
13. Stewart G, Seifert TA, Rolheises C. Anxiety and self - efficacy's relationship with undergraduate students' perceptions of the use of metacognitive writing strategies.The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 2015; 6 (1),1-17. [DOI:10.5206/cjsotl-rcacea.2015.1.4]
14. Alper F, Karakaya A, Yilmaz K. Relations Between Self-Leadership And Critical Thinking Skills. Social and Behavioral Sciences 2015; 207: 29 - 41. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.10.147]
15. Alame SM, Salehzadeh DA. [Proposing a Model for Investigating the Impact of Constructive Thought Pattern Strategies on Students' Self-Efficacy through Galatea Effect]. Journal of Research in Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences 2015; 5(1): 81-94. [Persian]
16. Zeki A. The effects of microteaching on the critical thinking dispositions of pre-service teachers. Australian Journal of Teacher Education 2015; 40(3): 139-153. [DOI:10.14221/ajte.2014v40n3.9]
17. Lipman, Matthew. Thinking in education. Cambridge University Press; 2003. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511840272]
18. Maleki Z, Rezaee M. [Medical sciences students' critical thinking skills and the effect of the university curriculum: a literature review]. The Scientific Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 2016; 4 (4): 156-165. [Persian]
19. Tahmasian K. [Modeling agency Bandura self-efficacy in adolescent depression Iran based on the model of depression. Clinical Psychology doctoral dissertation]. 2006; University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences. [Persian]
20. Facione PA. Critical thinking: what it is and it counts. Millbarae CA: The California Academic press; 2010.
21. Halpern DF. Teaching critical thining for transfer across domains. American Psychologist 1998; 53(4):449-455. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.53.4.449]
22. Athari Z, Sharif M, Nematbakhsh M, Babamohammadi H. [Evaluation of Critical Thinking Skills in InIsfahan University of Medical Sciences Students and its relationship with their rank in university entrance exam rank]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2009; 9 (1): 5-12. [Persian]
23. Bashirbanaem Y.[A Study of the Role of Contemplation Based on Criticism in order to Elevate Strategic Contemplation]. Tose e Quarttely Development Management of The Human Resources and Logistics 2013; 1392(29): 173-206. [Persian]
24. Neil Brown M. [A Guidline to Critical Thinking: asking Good Questions ]. translated by Cyrus Kamyab. 4th ed.Tehran: minooye kherad; 2017. [Persian]
25. Muris P, Schmidt H, Lombrichs R, Meesters d. Protective and Vulnerability Factors of Depression in Normal Adolescents. Behavior Research and Therapy 2001; 39(5):555-559. [DOI:10.1016/S0005-7967(00)00026-7]
26. Gloudmens HA, Schalk RM, Reynaert W. The relationship between Critical Thinking Skills and Self-efficacy of Beliefs in Mental Health nurses. Journal of Applied Science 2012; 33(3):275-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2012.05.006]
27. Phong PH. Relation Between Goals, Self-efficacy, Critical Thinking and deep processing Strategies: A path Analysis. Educational Psychology 2009; 29(7):777-99. [DOI:10.1080/01443410903289423]
28. AoMan Ch. The effect of the use of self regulation learning strategies on college student's performance and satisfaction in physical education [dissertation]. Australian Catholic University; 2006.
29. Abdollahi abdi ansar V, Fathiazar E, Abdollahi N. [Proposing a Model for Investigating the Impact of Constructive Thought Pattern Strategies on Students' Self-Efficacy through Galatea Effect] Journal of Research in school learning and virtual 2016; 2 (7):41-52. [Persian]
30. Kagan S. structures for thinking skills retrieved. Journal of personality and individual difference 2003; 38, 1805-1812.
31. Woolfolk AE, Hoy WK. Prospective teachers' sense of efficacy and beliefs about control. Journal of educational Psychology 1990; 82(1) :81.‏ [DOI:10.1037/0022-0663.82.1.81]
32. Pajares F, Schunk DH. Self-Beliefs and School Success: Self- Efficacy, Self-Concept, and School Achievement. London: Ablex Publishing; 2001.
33. Azami Z, Salehiniya H. [The relationship between critical thinking and information literacy among students of the school of management and medical information sciences of Tehran University of Medical Sciences]. Strides Dev Med Educ 2016; 12(5):625-33. [Persian]
34. Bashirbanaem Y. A Study of the Role of Contemplation Based on Criticism in order to Elevate Strategic Contemplation. Tose e Quarttely Development Management of The Human Resources and Logistics 2013; 1392(29): 173-206. [Persian]
35. Najafianzadeh M, Khorsandi M, MobarakAbadi A. [Critical thinking skills and their association with stress coping strategies in the students of Arak University of Medical Sciences]. Iran. J Strides Dev Med Educ 2014; 11(3):387-93. [Persian]
36. Hagemann B, Mattone J.2011/2012 Trends in Executive Developmen: A Benchmark Report. [Cited 2020 Feb 20 ]. Available from: https://www.executivedevelopment.com/wp-content/uploads/Trends-2011-CEO-Brief.pdf
Send email to the article author


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghadampour E, Amirian L, Khodaei S, Padervand P. Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Training on the Strategies of Constructive Thinking and Self-efficacy of Medical Sciences Students. rme. 2020; 12 (1) :4-13
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-854-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 1 (2020) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education