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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (10-2018) ::
rme 2018, 10(3): 67-77 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Keller's Educational-Motivational Design with Demographic Characteristics in Medical Students of Basic Sciences
Sh Saravani , H Mirzahosseini * , M Zargham Hajebi
Department of Clinical Psychology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran , Mirzahoseini.hasan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (283 Views)
Introduction: Keller's motivational educational design is an applied model for designing instruction that has emphasized on creating and reinforcing motivation in learners to improve learning. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the relationship between this model and demographic characteristics in applying educational programs that are the goals of third-generation universities.
Methods: This is  a descriptive-analytic correlation type study. The statistical population consisted of all undergraduate students studying in the basic sciences of Iran University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 96-97 so that 401 of them were selected through random hierarchical cluster sampling method. To collect data, Keller Motivation Questionnaire and Demographic Information Form were used. Validity and reliability of Keller motivation questionnaire was confirmed by content validity and Cronbach's alpha ( 0.83) respectively.
Data were analyzed using descriptive (Frequency distribution tables) and inferential (One Way ANOVA and T- Test) statistics methods by SPSS.
Results: The results showed that in each of the demographic characteristics of students with gender Female (58.6%), single (97.3%), fathers with higher education (48.8%) and employed mothers (53.2%) with undergraduate and postgraduate education (38.3%) who were residents of non-Tehran cities (53.5%), were the most studied subjects and the Mean (standard deviation) Score of satisfaction component (20.87± 3.444) of Keller motivation in the whole of the study population was higher than other components .However ,ANOVA showed that there was no significant correlation between any of the components of motivation, especially the satisfaction component with the demographic characteristics of gender (F=2.987, P=0.118), location status (F=2.049, P=0.591), father's education (F=0.762, P=0.467), mother's education (F=1.153, P=0.317), economic status (F=3.050, P=0.144), and mother's job status (F=2.795, P=0.063).
Conclusion: The demographic factors studied in this study did not directly affect the motivational and educational processes of medical students. Therefore, officials and educational planners can consider other factors such as personality traits, self-efficacy and students’ positive beliefs in enhancing the effectiveness of educational design in flourishing of the capacities and potential of medical students.
Keywords: educational design, academic Motivation, Educational Status, Demography, Students, Medical
Full-Text [PDF 465 kb]   (123 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational psychology
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Saravani S, Mirzahosseini H, Zargham Hajebi M. The Relationship between Keller's Educational-Motivational Design with Demographic Characteristics in Medical Students of Basic Sciences . rme. 2018; 10 (3) :67-77
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-660-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 3 (10-2018) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education