[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (10-2018) ::
rme 2018, 10(3): 3-12 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Perception of the Curriculum components in predicting academic engagement in nutrition students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
N Amouei * , M Farajollahi , F Zarabian
Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Iran , nooshin.amouei@gmail.com
Abstract:   (268 Views)
Introduction: Education experts tend to recognize the academic engagement as involving students in assignments such as problem solving and activities that lead to the development of high-level cognitive skills such as evaluation, composition, and analysis in the classification of Bloom.
Methods: This is a descriptive and analytic study. The statistical population includes all graduate students and third and fourth year undergraduate students of nutrition affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences that 170  students were selected randomly through stratified sampling method based on kerchessy and Morgan table as sample size.
For collecting data, students' perception questionnaire and the Motivational Strategies Questionnaire for the Study were used. Data were  analyzed by using independent t-test and multiple regression simulations through SPSS software
Results: The results of regression analysis showed that the variables of perception of the curriculum components in general could explain 41.4% of the variables of academic engagement. Among the components of the curriculum, two components of teaching method (p <0.01, r = 0.388) and evaluation (p <0.01, Beta = 0.35) can predict the criterion variable (educational conflict) also, the target components and content cannot predict academic engagement alone.
Conclusion: Considering that the perception of the curriculum components of the students can predict academic engagement, so, educational systems by adopting clear goals, up-to-date and efficient content, Active teaching methods, diverse and continuous evaluation can promote academic engagement.
Keywords: Perceptions of Curriculum, Academic Engagement, Students
Full-Text [PDF 358 kb]   (95 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
1. Zarei E, Fini AA, khajehzadeh Fini H. A comparison of Effect of group counselling methods, behavioural, cognitive and cognitive-behavioural to reduce students Test anxiety in the University of Hormozgan. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 2010; 5: 2256-61. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.445]
2. Van der Sanden JM, Teurlings CC. Developing competence during practice periods: The learner's perspective. Between school and work: New perspectives on transfer and boundary crossing. 2003: 119-36.
3. Tinio MF. Academic engagement scale for grade school students. The assessment handbook 2009; 2 (1): 64-75.
4. Khodayarifard M, Abedini Y. [Health problems of adolescents and young people]. Tehran: Tehran university Publishing; 2008. [Persian]
5. Fredricks JA, Blumenfeld PC, Paris AH. School engagement: Potential of the concept, state of the evidence. Review of educational research 2004; 74 (1): 59-109. [DOI:10.3102/00346543074001059]
6. Hejazi E, Rastegar A, Lavasani M, Ghorbani Jahromi R. [Intelligence beliefs and academic achievement: the role of achievement goals and academic engagement]. Psychol Res 2009; 12 (1-2): 25-40. [Persian]
7. Ravindran B, Greene BA, Debacker TK. Predicting preservice teachers' cognitive engagement with goals and epistemological beliefs. The Journal of Educational Research 2005; 98 (4): 222-33. [DOI:10.3200/JOER.98.4.222-233]
8. Seif AA. New Educational psychology.1st ed. Tehran: doran; 2011. [Persian]
9. Seligman ME. Learned optimism: How to change your mind and your life. Vintage; 2006.
10. Luthans F, Avolio BJ, Avey JB, Norman SM. Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel psychology 2007; 60 (3): 541-72. [DOI:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00083.x]
11. Cooper SL. A content analysis of client hope in psychotherapy sessions. Pepperdine University; 2009.
12. Snyder CR. Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications. Academic press; 2000.
13. Finlay KA. Quantifying school engagement: Research report. Denver, CO: National Center for School Engagement. 2006.
14. Stajkovic AD, Luthans F. Self-efficacy and work-related performance: A meta-analysis. Psychological bulletin 1998; 124 (2): 240. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.124.2.240]
15. Heydarzade M, Mahram B.[The role of perceived classroom assessment structure and research orientation of students in their research motivation] Educational and evaluation journal 2016; 8 (1): 50-68. [Persian]
16. Bois H. Stephen P, Organizational Behavior (Concepts, Theories, and Applications). Translation by Ali Parsaeean and Seyyed Mohammad Arabi.1st ed. Office of Cultural Research; 2014.
17. Mehr Mohammadi M. [Curriculum: Views, Approaches and Perspectives].1st ed. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi Publication; 2002. [Persian]
18. Talebi S, Mazlomian S, Seif MH. [Principles of Curriculum Planning]. 2nd ed. Tehran: Payamnoor; 2010. [Persian]
19. Abedi A, Taji M. [The Concept of School Hidden Curriculum in Students' Personality and Behavior]. Curriculum Research Journal 2001; 9: 10-15. [Persian]
20. Gourchian, Nader Goli and TonSaz, Forough. [Curriculum developments as a specialty from the ancient world to today's world]. 8 th ed Tehran: Institute for Research and Planning for Higher Education; 1995. [Persian]
21. Fathi Vajargah C. [Fundamentals of Basic Curriculum Concepts]. 4 th ed.Tehran: Ball Publishing; 2009. [Persian]
22. Urdan T, Schoenfelder E. Classroom effects on student motivation: Goal structures, social relationships, and competence beliefs. Journal of school psychology 2006; 44 (5): 331-49. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsp.2006.04.003]
23. Heidarzadeh M. [The structure of perceived classroom assessment and the orientation of researchers in their research motivation]. [dissertation]. Mashhad: Ferdowsi University; 2012. [Persian]
24. Seyyed Javadin SR. [Studying the Factors Related to Students' Learning Motivation in Tehran University]. Jornal of Mojtamae Aalie Ghom 2002; 4 (15): 221-256. [Persian]
25. Dahl DW, Smimou K. Does motivation matter? On the relationship between perceived quality of teaching and students' motivational orientations. Managerial Finance. 2011 Jun 14; 37 (7): 582-609. [DOI:10.1108/03074351111140243]
26. Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement 1970; 30 (3): 607-10. [DOI:10.1177/001316447003000308]
27. TatariY, MehramB, Kareshki H. [Study of the role of graduate students' perceptions of curriculum components in predicting their research motivation]. Journal of Curriculum Studies 2014; 5(10): 97-113. [Persian]
28. Pintrich PR, Roeser RW, De Groot EA. Classroom and individual differences in early adolescents' motivation and self-regulated learning. The Journal of Early Adolescence 1994 May; 14 (2): 139-61. [DOI:10.1177/027243169401400204]
29. Jabbari H. [A comparative study of students in terms of bridle setting, motivational beliefs and self-regulation learning strategies]. [dissertation]. Tehran:Beheshti University; 2002. [Persian]
30. Rastegar A. [The relationship between intelligence beliefs and academic achievement: The mediating role of achievement goals and academic engagement]. [dissertation]. Tehran: Tehran University; 2006. [Persian]
31. Abedini, Y. [the relationship between academic engagement, achievement goals and a academic achievement in two field of mathematics physics and humanities].[dissertation]. Tehran: Tehran University; 2007. [Persian]
32. Babakhani N.[explanatory Model of self-regulated learning in based on perceived family environment, classroom and a sense of belonging to school in high school students in Tehran].[dissertation]. Roudehen: Islamic Azad University; 2011. [Persian]
33. Akbarpour zanglani MB, Zare H, Ekrami M, Maleki H. [The prediction of emotional learning and self-concept based on social structure Education and perception of educational environments: The role of moderating type of education (distance learning and presence)]. Journal of Learning and Education Studies 2016; 8 (1): 69-101. [Persian]
34. Dorman J. Fisher D, Waldrip BG. Classroom environment, student perceptions of assessment, academic efficacy attitude to science: a Lineral analysis InContemporary approaches to research on learning environments: Worldviews 2006.
35. Murayama K, Elliot AJ. The joint influence of personal achievement goals and classroom goal structures on achievement-relevant outcomes. Journal of Educational Psychology 2009; 101 (2): 432. [DOI:10.1037/a0014221]
36. Todd Maddox W, Markman AB. The motivation– cognition interface in learning and decision making. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2010; 19 (2): 106-10. [DOI:10.1177/0963721410364008]
37. Gutiérrez M, Ruiz LM, López E. Perceptions of motivational climate and teachers' strategies to sustain discipline as predictors of intrinsic motivation in physical education. The Spanish Journal of Psychology 2010; 13 (2): 597-608. [DOI:10.1017/S1138741600002274]
38. Alkharusi H. A multilevel linear model of teachers' assessment practices and students' perceptions of the classroom assessment environment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010 Jan 1; 5: 5-11. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.041]
39. AbolAmali Kh, Hashemian K, Anari F.The Prediction of Academic Engagement Based on the Components of Classroom Environmental Perceptions among Girl High School Students inTehran. Quarterly Journal of New Thoughts in Educational Sciences 2012;7(3): 19-33. [Persian]
40. Kordafshari F. [Investigating the Student's Conflict among Third-Year High School Students Based on Their Teaching Style Preference].[dissertation]. Mashhad: Ferdowsi University; 2012. [Persian]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amouei N, Farajollahi M, Zarabian F. The Role of Perception of the Curriculum components in predicting academic engagement in nutrition students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. rme. 2018; 10 (3) :3-12
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-527-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 3 (10-2018) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education