[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2018) ::
rme 2018, 9(4): 9-1 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating staff and students’ knowledge about professional ethics in the Field of Communication, Law and Ethics
N Mohamadi , N Gholami , S Rezaei , M Zangeneh , M Shahnavazi , G Roshanaei , A Shayan *
Department of midwifery, Mother and Child Care Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , arezoo.shayan2012@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1715 Views)
Introduction: One aspect of medical ethics is professional ethics observance in the provision of care. Professional ethics is a set of principles and standards of human behavior that determines the behavior of individuals and groups and it is very important to know and understand its areas. The aim of this study was to determine staffs and students’ knowledge about the principles of professional ethics in communication, rules and ethics fields.
Methods: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study.330 nurses, midwives and nurses of the operating room and 76 nursing students74 midwifery students and 39 operating room students that were selected by stratified random sampling method participated in this study in 2016. Data collection  tool  was a questionnaire in two parts, the first part contained demographic characteristics and the second part include familiarity with the professional ethics, rules , regulation and communication .Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by content validity and by using Cronbach’s alpha, index reliability questions was determined in the students, nursing and midwifery staff (0.82) and in  the students and operating room staff was (0.77) as well. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and chi-square test through SPSS.
Results: The results of this study showed that in the staffs, nursing and midwifery students, knowledge level in 3 areas of communication , legal and  the ethical-professional was at the moderate level, and in the staffs and operating room students level of knowledge in these three areas were estimated at a good level. According to chi square test, among the variables studied in the nursing and midwifery and operating room group, there was a significant differences between the ethical domain and the employment status (P=0.001), the legal domain with work experience (P=0.003) and the domain of communication with the service sector (P=0.003) respectively. In the nursing and midwifery students' room, there was a significant relationship between the ethical domain and the academic term (P=0.02).
Conclusion: generally, the knowledge of the operating room staff and the students was good and in the staff, nursing and midwives students the level of awareness of professional ethics was moderate so in-service retraining courses about professional ethics is recommended.
Keywords: Awareness, staff, Students, Ethics, Professional
Full-Text [PDF 240 kb]   (1052 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
1. Oveisi S. Nursing [Principles and Technology Purtropry].1st ed. Tehran: Salmy Pub; 2001.[Persian]
2. Khalili A, Davodi M, Pouladi S, Paymard A, Shayan A, Azodi P, et al. Comparative Study on the Effect of Professional Ethics Education Using Two Methods, Group Discussion and Multi-Media Software on the Knowledge of Nursing Students. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical. Biological and Chemical Sciences 2016; 7 (4): 2776-81.
3. Feyzipour H, Mojarrab R, Rayi F, Javidmanesh F. [Evaluation of the patients rights fasilitator factors, with an emphasize on the charter of patients rights (a case study of nurses'attitudes in public hospitals of Urmia)]. Journal of Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty 2016;14 (8):692-701 .[Persian]
4. Idowu SO, Capaldi N, Zu L. [Encyclopedia of corporate social responsibility]. 1st ed.New York: Springer Berlin; 2013.
5. Mercuri JJ, Iorio R, Zuckerman JD, Bosco JA. Ethics of Total Joint Arthroplasty Gainsharing. JBJS 2017;99 (5):e22. [DOI:10.2106/JBJS.16.00594]
6. fazeli Z, fazeli bavand pour F, rezaee tavirani M, mozafari M, haidari moghadam R. [Professional ethics and its role in the medicin]. sjimu 2013; 20 (5) :10-17. [Persian]
7. Borhani F and et al. [ Develop Competence of Nursing Professional Ethics Needs and Challenges in Ethics education]. Journal of Ethics and History of Medicine 2009; 3 (3): 71-81.[Persian]
8. Imanipour M. Ethical principles in education. ijme 2012; 5 (6) :27-41.
9. Peters RS. Ethics and Education (Routledge Revivals): Routledge; 2015.
10. McCarthy J, Gastmans C. Moral distress: A review of the argument-based nursing ethics literature. Nursing ethics 2015;22(1):131-52. [DOI:10.1177/0969733014557139]
11. Alinia SH .[The Basic Concepts survey Status of the Nursing Process and Health Education. Bruner sudars]. 1st ed .Tehran: Salmy pub;2008.[Persian].
12. shahraki vahed A, Mardani mahmooleh M, Rezvani F. [Professional Ethic in Anesthesia and Operating Room]. 1st ed. Tehran: Gameenegar Pub; 2008. [Persian].
13. Habibzadeh H ,Ahmadi F,Vanaki Z. [Ethics in the Iranian Nurses Professional practice]. Journal of Ethics and History of Medicine 2010; 3 (3): 2-36. [Persian]
14. Sokhanvar R. [The effect knowledge of nursing ethics in clinical decision-makings and applying the perspective of working nurses in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences].[Dissertation] Shiraz: Shiraz University of Medical Sciences1997. [Persian]
15. Nasiriani K, Farnia F, Nasiriani F. [Study of respecting patients' rights from nurse’s point of view employed in Yazd hospitals]. Journal of Legal Medicine of Islamic Republic of Iran 2007; 13 (45): 33-37. [Persian]
16. Blais K. Professional nursing practice: Concepts and perspectives: Pearson; 2015.
17. Jouzi H,Ashktorab T,Abasi M,Delpisheh A,Menati R,Shahmir L. [Investigate organizational factors associated with patient rights from viewpoint nurses and patients in educational hospitals affiliated to the Ilam University of Medical Sciences]. Journal of Medical Ethics 2013; 7 (23):141-160.[Persian]
18. Vasegh Rahimparvar Sf, Nasiriani L, Faraj Khoda T, Bahrani N. [ Compliance rate of midwives with the professional codes of ethics in Maternal Child Health Centers in Tehran]. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2014;7 (2): 46-56.[Persian]
19. Rangraz jeddi F, Rabiee R. [A study on the attitude of physicians and nurses of Kashan Hospitals about the charter of patients’ right, 2003]. Feyz Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences 2006;10(3):40-6.[Persian]
20. Beikmoradi a, Rabiee S, Khatiban M, Cheraghi, Mohammad Ali. [Nurses distress in intensive care unit: a survey in teaching hospitals]. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2012;5(2):58-69.[Persian]
21. Memarian R, Salsali M, Vanaki Z, Ahmadi F, Hajizadeh E. [Factors Affecting the Process of Obtaining Clinical Competency]. ZUMS Journal 2006; 14 (56): 40-9.[Persian]
22. Gosie Arkvazy H. Investigate organizational the factors associated with observance patient’s rights view of nurses and patients in hospitals affiliated to the city of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Medical Ethics 2013;7 (23): 60-141.
23. Khadem Alhoseini Z, Khadem Alhoseini M, Mahmodian F. [Investigate Opinion of Medical Students of Shiraz university of medical science in maintaining and disclosing HIV disease]. Journal of Medical Ethics 2009;3 (10):75-81.[Persian]
24. Khodaveisi M, Hosni P. Clinical nurses’ experiences of moral stress. Scientific Journal of Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery 2012; 22:77.
25. Karampourian A, Mohammadi N, Imani B,Dashti S. [Stabilization students' awareness based on training classes in EMS]. Pajouhan Scientific Journal 2013; 11 (3): 29-36.[Persian]
26. Sadeghi R, Ashktorab T. [Ethical Problems Observed by Nurse Students: Qualification Approach]. Medical Ethics Journal 2016;5 (15):43-62.[Persian]
27. Mohamadnejad E. [Knowledge of nurses and patients in a teaching hospital in 2009]. Medical ethics 2012;6 (19): 67-82.[Persian]
28. Hasin M, Seeluangsawat R, Shareef M. Statistical measures of customer satisfaction for health care quality assurance: a case study. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance. 2001; 14 (1): 6-14. [DOI:10.1108/09526860110366214]
29. Ghodsi Z, Hojjatoleslami S. Knowledge of students about Patient Rights and its relationship with some factors in Iran. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012; 31:345-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.065]
30. Jensen A, Lidell E. The influence of conscience in nursing. Nursing Ethics. 2009;16(1):31-42. [DOI:10.1177/0969733008097988]
31. Tefagh M, Nikbachat A, Mehran A, Din Mohammadi N. Survey rate of observance of professional ethics in drug order implementation by nurses. Life Magazine. 2004;10 (23):77-9.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohamadi N, Gholami N, Rezaei S, Zangeneh M, Shahnavazi M, Roshanaei G et al . Evaluating staff and students’ knowledge about professional ethics in the Field of Communication, Law and Ethics . rme. 2018; 9 (4) :9-1
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-494-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 4 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education