:: Volume 9, Number 1 (4-2017) ::
Research in Medical Education 2017, 9(1): 45-37 Back to browse issues page
The predictive role of Self-Efficacy and Meta-Cognitive on students tendency to Critical Thinking
S Gholamrezai, L Yousefvand, P Radmehr *
Radmehr P, psychology dept, university of lorestan , lorestan, Iran , radmehr.p12@gmail.com
Abstract:   (308 Views)
Introduction: The tendency to critical thinking in the modern world known as a complex cognitive process for effective participation in a democratic society. The aim of the present study is to examine the predictive role of self-efficacy and meta-cognitive on Tendency to critical thinking dispositions in students of Lorestan University of medical Sciences.
Methods: This is a descriptive- analytic correlational study. The study population included all Midwifery, Nursing, Health, and Paramedical students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences in 2014-15. sample size consist of 220 individuals (%60.9 female and %39/1 man), who were selected based on Krejcie and Morgan table through random cluster sampling.  For gathering data instruments of self-efficacy sheerer et al, Meta-cognitive Schraw & Dennison, and critical thinking dispositions Ricketts questionnaires were used. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation, multiple regression analysis and T independents through SPSS.
Results: The findings showed there is a positive and significant  correlation among self-efficacy (r=0.390, p<0.001), meta-cognitive (r=0.468, p<0.01) and critical thinking dispositions (P<0.001) and the findings of multiple regression analysis and stepwise showed that self-efficacy (β=0.468, p<0.001) and meta-cognitive (β=0.160, p<0.05) are significant predictors of critical thinking  in students. The independent differnces t-test showed that there was a significant between male and female students in critical thinking dispositions variables,  so that  tendency to critical thinking dispositions (M=104.74), self-efficacy (M=56.37) and meta- cognition (M=84.21) among female was more than in men considering tendency to critical thinking dispositions (M=92.57), self-efficacy (M=49.23) and meta- cognition(M=77.17) , (p<0.001).
Conclusion:regarding The important role of self-efficacy and meta- cognition in predicting students critical thinking dispositions, University programs should be organized in such a way that the educational programs and curriculum revision comes into action And active teaching methods that, involved students in the issue and problem solving should be used instead of storing data and scientific facts.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, Meta-Cognition, Critical Thinking, Students
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.rme.9.1.45


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