:: دوره 9، شماره 4 - ( زمستان 1396 ) ::
جلد 9 شماره 4 صفحات 48-39 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
بررسی ارتباط موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان با منبع کنترل (درونی – بیرونی)
زهره سلملیان* ، احسان کاظم نژاد، بهاره غلامی چابکی
گروه پرستاری (آموزش بهداشت)، دانشکده پرستاری ، مامایی و پیراپزشکی شرق گیلان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان، لنگرود، ایران ، salmalian2009@gmail.com
چکیده:   (578 مشاهده)
مقدمه: موفقیت تحصیلی از دیدگاه ­های مختلف مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است اما یکی از مهم ­ترین عوامل موثر بر موفقیت تحصیلی ویژگی­ های شخصیتی افراد است. این مطالعه با هدف تعیین ارتباط موفقیت تحصیلی با منبع کنترل (درونی- بیرونی) در دانشجویان انجام شد.
روش ها: این مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی در بین 330 دانشجوی دانشکده­های پرستاری و مامایی و پیراپزشکی لنگرود از طریق نمونه­ گیری در دسترس در سال 1393 انجام گرفت. ابزار گرد­آوری داده­ ها پرسشنامه مقیاس منبع کنترل جولیان راتر بود. داده­ ها از روش­ های آمار توصیفی و استنباطی کای­دو، آنالیز واریانس یک­ طرفه، پیرسون، توکی وt-test  با استفاده از نرم ­افزار آماری  SPSSمورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که از دانشجویان مورد مطالعه 20/9 درصد مذکر با میانگین معدل 1/69±15/87 و 71/9درصد افراد مونث با میانگین معدل 0/97±16/8و 55 درصد با منبع کنترل بیرونی و 45 درصد با منبع کنترل درونی بودند. نتایج نشان داد که ضریب همبستگی بین معدل با منبع کنترل از لحاظ آماری رابطه معنی­ دار وجود ندارد.
نتیجه گیری: اکثر دانشجویان از موفقیت تحصیلی برخوردار بودند. اما دانشجویان با منبع کنترل بیرونی، مونث، دارای مادران تحصیل کرده و وجود رضایت­مندی از محیط رشد و تربیت خانوادگی، میزان موفقیت تحصیلی بالاتری نسبت به سایر دانشجویان داشتند.
واژه‌های کلیدی: موفقیت تحصیلی، کنترل درونی- بیرونی، دانشجویان
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
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دوره 9، شماره 4 - ( زمستان 1396 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها