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مقایسه تاثیر دو روش آموزشی Jigsaw و بازخوردی بر میزان رضایتمندی دانشجویان پرستاری و هوشبری دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی مشهد
شیوا عزیزی ، مریم باقری* ، حسین کریمی مونقی ، سیدرضا مظلوم
گروه پرستاری داخلی و جراحی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران/ مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت پرستاری و مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران ، Bagherim@mums.ac.ir
چکیده:   (65 مشاهده)
مقدمه: امروزه آموزش به ­روش دانشجو محور مورد تاکید کارشناسان آموزشی قرار گرفته است. یادگیری به ­روش بازخوردی و جیگساو دو روش آموزشی دانشجو محور از رویکردهای تاملی و تعاملی هستند که در آن دانشجویان در کلاس فعال می­ باشند. این مطالعه به مقایسه میزان رضایت­مندی دانشجویان در روش بازخوردی و جیگساو پرداخته است.
روش‌‌ها: این مطالعه تجربی روی 65 نفر از دانشجویان پرستاری و هوشبری مقطع کارشناسی پیوسته دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد که به ­صورت در دسترس انتخاب شده بودند، اجرا شد.6 جلسه تئوری مربوط به واحد درسی اصول و فنون پرستاری برای اجرای مداخله انتخاب گردید. میزان رضایت دانشجویان از طریق فرم نظرسنجی پژوهشگر ساخته مشتمل بر 24 گویه در سه حیطه سنجیده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل از آمارهای توصیفی و آزمون آماری من ویتنی نرم ­افزار آماری SPSS و آمارهای توصیفی و آزمون آماری من ویتنی استفاده شد.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین نمره رضایت­مندی دانشجویان از روش تدریس جیگساو و بازخوردی تفاوت آماری معنی ­داری وجود دارد ( 0/001=p).  همچنین رضایت­ مندی دانشجویان از روش جیگساو در هر سه حیطه مورد بررسی (زمان، ارتقاء مهارت­ها و ایجاد علاقه و انگیزه) به­ شکل معنی­ داری بیشتر از روش بازخوردی بود (0/002=p).
نتیجه گیری: نتایج حاصل از این تحقیق، نشان داد که روش تدریس پویا و غیرانفعالی جیگساو و دخالت دادن هرچه بیشتر دانشجو در فرآیند یاددهی- یادگیری، باعث می‌شود که دانشجویان با علاقه بیشتر به مباحث مربوطه بپردازند و استفاده از این شیوه­ های تدریس، ضمن آشنایی دانشجویان با روش ­های نوین آموزشی، می­ تواند دانشجویان را به­ سمت خودآموزی سوق دهد.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: جیگساو، بازخوردی، رضایت مندی، روش تدریس مشارکتی
متن کامل [PDF 1033 kb]   (15 دریافت) |   |   متن کامل (HTML)  (7 مشاهده)  
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: شیوه های آموزش
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پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education