[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Number 3 (10-2016) ::
Research in Medical Education 2016, 8(3): 9-16 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Studying Approaches and Academic Performance in Students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences
A Mahmoodzadeh *, A Javadi, Y Mohammadi
Mahmoodzadeh A, South Khorasan education organization, birjand, Iran. , javadi56@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1325 Views)

Introduction:Measurement of academic achievement (AA) and its effective factors are major issues that attract researchers attention. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between students' academic performance and studying approaches.

Methods: in this cross-sectional and correlational study 291 students (male and female) were selected among the students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences through stratified random sampling method in 2014-2015. The instruments used to measure studying approaches included Marton and Saljo (1976) questionnaire. The total mean scores of the students were considered as an indicator of their academic performance. The data were analyzed in SPSS software using t-test, ANOVA The significant level was set at p≤0.05.

Results: The results showed that there was a significant correlation between surface approach and academic performance where surface approach accounts for 6% of academic performance. Fear of failure, lack of goals, memorization of senseless and irrelevant materials, and  were the strongest negative predictors of academic performance (p<0.001, r=-0.24). based on findings, significant differences were found in mean scores of students' studying approaches across different years (p=0.005).also,there is no significant differences between studying approaches and gender.

Conclusion: This study showed surface approach as a predictor of student learning outcomes at BUMS so,acquiring high score in surface approch needs to educational and training intervention for students and holding training workshops for teachers in order to using studying approches properly and improving students academic performance.

Keywords: surface approach, deep approach, strategic approach, academic performance
Full-Text [PDF 314 kb]   (507 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
References
1. Mohammadi Y, Kazemi S, Hajabadi MR, Raisoon MR. The relationship between physiological learning styles, creativity, and academic achievement among students at Birjand University of Medical Sciences during the academic year 2013-2014. Mod Care J 2014; 11 (4): 275-282.
2. Saif AA.[Modern educational psychology: psychology of learning and teaching].7th ed. Tehran: Doran; 2013. [persian]
3. Sternberg Rj, [Sternberg K. Cognitive psychology] Translated by: Kharazi K, Hejazi E. 3 rd ed. Tehran: Samt; 2013. [persian]
4. Eysenck M, Keane MT. Cognitive Psychology: A Student's Handbook. Translated by: Zareh H, Nhrvanyan P, Abdollahzadeh H.1st ed.Tehran: Abyzh; 2013. [persian]
5. Valizadeh L, Fathi Azar E, Zamanzadeh V. [The relationship between Learning Characteristics and Academic Achievement in Nursing and Midwifery Students. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2008; 7 (2): 443-449. [persian]
6. Mohammadi Y, Kazemi S, Raisoon MR, Hajabadi MR. [Physiological learning styles and its relationship with academic achievement among students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences] J Educ Ethics Nurs, 2015; 3 (4) :1-7. [persian]
7. Byrne M, Flood B, Willis P. An Inter-Institutional Exploration of the Learning Approaches of Students Studying Accounting. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education 2009; 20 (2): 155-167.
8. Seif A, Fathabadi J. Different approaches to lesson study and the relationship of study skills with academic achievement, gender and educational experience of university students. Daneshvar (Raftar) Shahed University 2009; 1 (33): 29-41. [Persian]
9. Shakurnia A, alijani H, Elhampour H, afra M.[Nursing and Midwifery students’ approaches to study and learning in AJUMS]. IJNR 2012; 7 (26): 57-68. [persian]
10. Duff A. Understanding academic performance and progression of first year accounting and business economics undergraduates: The role of approaches to learning and prior academic achievement. Accounting Education: An International Journal 2004; 13 (4): 409-430.
11. Abraham RR, Kamath A, Upadhya S, Ramnarayan K. Learning approaches to physiology of undergraduates in an Indian medical school. Med Educ 2006; 40: 916-23.
12. Diseth A. Approaches to learning, course experience and examination grade among undergraduate psychology students: testing of mediator effects and construct validity. Studies in Higher Education 2007; 32 (3): 373-388.
13. Roshanaei M. [The Relationship between learning approaches and preferences for instructional methods]. Quarterly journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education 2007; 13 (3):109-142. [Persian]
14. Haghani F, Khadivzade T.[The Effect of a learning and study skills workshop on talented students’learning and study strategies in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2009; 9 (1) : 31-40. [Persian]
15. Saif AA, Shaghaghi F. [Impact of teaching learning strategies and study on student learning University of Payamnoor]. PEYKE NOOR JOURNAL 2005; 3 (2): 4-15. [Persian]
16. Chin C, Brown DE. Learning in science: a comparison of deep and surface approaches. JRST 2000; 37 (2):109-138.
17. Shokri O, Kadivar P. Farzad V. [Thinking Style and Learning Approches in Relation to tudents’ Academic Achievment]. Advences in Cognitive Science 2006; 8 (2): 44-52. [Persian]
18. Kim S, Hur Y, Park H. The correlation between achievement goals, learning Strategies, and motivation in medical students. Korean J Med Educ 2014; 26 (1): 19-24.
19. Ramsden P. Learning to teach in higher education. London: Rutledge; 2003.
20. Mehdinezhad V. Esmaeeli R.[Students’ Approaches to Learning; Superficial, Strategic and Deep]. Bimonthly of Education Strategies in Medical Sciences 2015; 8 (2):83-89.
21. Seif D, khayyer M. [The relationship between motivation belifes and learning approaches among students]. Education Journal of ShahidChamran University of Ahvaz, 2007; 3(1): 1-8. [persian]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >
نظرات کاربران
نظر ارسال شده توسط نام یا پست الکترونیک در تاریخ 2017/08/22
zahrarezaee320@yahoo.com



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.rme.8.3.9


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahmoodzadeh A, Javadi A, Mohammadi Y. Relationship between Studying Approaches and Academic Performance in Students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. Research in Medical Education. 2016; 8 (3) :9-16
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-352-en.html
Volume 8, Number 3 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education