[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: ::
Back to the articles list Back to browse issues page
A study of the Relationship between Academic Achievement and Students' Locus of Control
Z Salmalian * , E Kazem- nezhad leilie , B Gholami-chaboki
Nursing dept (Health education),langroud nursing – midwifery and paramedicine school ,Guilan university of medical sciences, Langroud,Iran , salmalian2009@gmail.com
Abstract:   (306 Views)
Introduction:  Different factors influence Academic achievement but one of the most effective factors in this regards is personality features. This study aimed to determine the relationship between academic achievement and locus of control (internal-external) in university students.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study has been done on 330 students of nursing and midwifery and paramedical students that were selected through non –probability sampling at 2 faculties of Shahid beheshti  nursing and midwifery and Langroud paramedical school respectively in Guilan university of medical sciences in 2014. Data were collected by Julian Rotter Locus of Control Scale questionnaire .Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical procedures, chi-square, ANOVA, Pearson, totaled Tukey and T- test through SPSS.
Results: Findings show that (20.9%) of students were male with Mean score of 15.87±1.69 and (71.9%) were female with Mean score of 16.8±0.97 also among  them (%55)  of students with external locus of control and (%45) with internal control participated .There was no significant relationship between Mean score and locus of control (R=0.351) , (P>0.05) but students with external locus of control had Mean score higher than others. There was a significant relationship between gender, mothers' education and satisfaction of family breeding environment with Mean score (P=0.0001), (P=0.027), (P=0.002).
Conclusion: Most students had academic achievement but female students with external locus of control, educated mothers and satisfaction with family breeding had more academic achievement than others.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Internal-External Control, Students
Full-Text [PDF 214 kb]   (24 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
1. Behnam pour N, Heshmati H, Rahimi S. [Satisfaction College of Health and Allied Medical Sciences of self-discipline]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2012; 12 (8): 616– 618. [Persian]
2. Benjamin Bloom. [ human characteristics of school learning]. Translated by Saif AA . 2nded. Tehran:Tehran University; 1995.
3. Raeisoon MR, Mohammadi Y, Abdorazaghnejad M, Sharifzadeh Gh. [An investigation of the relationship between self-cncept, self-esteem, and academic achievement of students in the nursing-midwifery faculty in Qaen during 2012-13 academic year]. Mod Care J 2014; 11(3): 236-42. [Persian]
4. Mohammadi Y, Kazemi S, Hajabadi M, Raisoon MR.[The relationship between physiological learning styles, creativity, and academic achievement among students at Birjand University of Medical Sciences during the academic year 2013- 2014]. Mod Care J 2014; 11(4): 275-82. [Persian]
5. Khoynejhad Gh, Rajaei A, Shakib A. [Comparison of stress in school managers with internal and external locus of control]. Journal of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Bojnourd fall 1998; 4(16): 1-17. [Persian]
6. Kooranian F, Khosravi AR, Esmaeeli H. [The relationship between hardiness/ locus of control and burnout in nurses]. Horizon Med Sci 2008, 14(1): 58-66. [Persian]
7. Rasouli Z, Farahbakhsh K. [The relationship between attachment styles and locus of control and maritaladjustment]. Andisheh va Raftar 2009; 13(14): 17-24. [Persian]
8. Sheibani O, AkhavanTafti M. [The cognitive approach on self-confidence of the girl students with academic failure]. ZJRMS 2011, 12(5): 84-88. [Persian]
9. Rio, JM, motivation and emotion. Translated by Syed Mohammady Y . Educational research .24 th ed tehran: shahin; 2015. [Persian]
10. Borich,G.D,and Tombaric, M.L. Educational Psychology. Harper Collins Callage Publisher. NewYork: 1995.
11. Licht BG. Cognitive-motivational factors that contribute to the achievement of learning-disabled children. JLearnDisabil 1983; 16 (8): 483-90. [DOI:10.1177/002221948301600812]
12. Karimi A. Social psychology theory, concepts and application. 3rd ed. Thran: Arasbaran; 2005. [Persian]
13. Klein J.D, and Keller JM. Influence of student ability, locus of control and type of instructional control on performance and confidence. Journal of educational research1990.83 )3(: 140-146.
14. Kalantarkousheh S.M, Mohagheghi H, Hosseini S.M. [Surveying the Relationship between Locus of Control and Academic Achievement among Students at Allameh Tabataba'i University]. International Journal of Physical and Social Sciences.2013.3(12) :378-389.
15. MirzaeiAlavijeh M, Rajaei N، Rezaei F. [Comparison of self-esteem, locus of control and their relationship with univercity students’ educational status] - Journal of Training and Development Center for Medical Sciences of Yazd 2012. 7 (1): 71- 58. [Persian]
16. Mohammadi Y, Kaykha A, Sadeghi A. [ Relationship of Metacognition Learning Strategy and Locus of Control with Academic Achievement of Students]. Bimonthly of Education Strategies in Medical Sciences 2015; 8 (5): 323-328. [Persian]
17. Yasaminejad P, Dabir M, Gol-Mohammadian M. [relationship between extraversion -introversion source control and academic achievement in girls]. Journal of Educational Psychology 2010;7 (12): 113 – 130. [Persian]
18. Bagherzade Ledary R, Sadqy MR, Haghshenas MR. [ relationship between locus of control and academic achievement of students] . Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2010; 20 (77): 35-30. [Persian]
19. Fayaz I, Kazemi S, Raeisoon MR. [The Relationship Between Learning Motivational Beliefs and Control Source Dimensions with Academic Achievement of Students in Birjand University of Medical Sciences]. Research in Medical Education 2016;8 (2): 71-76. [Persian]
20. Hosseini M, Dejkam M, Mirlashari J. [Correlation between Academic Achievement and Self–esteem in Rehabilitation Students in Tehran University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation]. Iranian Journal of Medical Education 2007; 7(1): 137-141. [Persian]
21. Khadivi A, VakilyMafakhery A. [ Relationship between achievement motivation, locus of control,self-concept and academic achievement].Journal of Education Sciences 2011 ;4(13): 45- 66. [Persian]
22. Koushki Sh, Khalilifar M. [ Religious attitudes and locus of control]. Andisheh and Raftar 2010: 15(4): 33-40. [Persian]
23. Rasouli Z, Farahbakhsh K. [ The relationship between attachment styles and locus of control and marital adjustment]. Andisheh and Raftar 2009; 13(14): 17-24. [Persian]
24. Rashidei E, ShahrAray M. [Survey relationship between creativity and locus of control]. Journal of fresh ideas In Educational Sciences 2008; 3(3): 83 -99. [Persian]
25. Yoselyani Gh M. Habibi M, [Soleymani S [The relationship between discipline desired behavior and family functioning, locus of control and self-esteem of students]. Journal of school psychology 2012; 1 (2): 114-134. [Persian]
26. Barzegar F, Salehpoor M, Emam Jomeh MR. [The relationship between locus of control and Self-Esteem with creativity in Ardekan city high schools studenst]. Journal of school psychology 2014. 3(4): 157-165. [Persian]
27. Biyabangard E.[The relationship between self-esteem,achievement motivation, and academic achievement among high school students in Tehran]. Q J Psychol Stud 2006; 1(4): 5-21. [Persian]
28. Heydari A, Koshan M. [Study of the locus of control and its relationship with the education progress of students of nursing]. Journal of Sabzevar School of Medical Sciences 2002; 9(25): 4-11. [Persian]
29. Shaffer DR.[Social and personality development].6th ed. USA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning; 2000.
30. Abdollahi AA, Fathi A. [ Investigate the relationship between self-efficacy beliefs and locus of control academic achievement]. Journal of Educational Studies and Psychology 2005; 6(1): 137-150. [Persian]
31. Schelee BM, Mullis AK.Z, Shiner M. [ Parents social and resource capital: predicators of academic achievement during early childhood]. Child Youth ServRew 2009;3(2): 227- 234. [DOI:10.1016/j.childyouth.2008.07.014]
32. Hosseini-Nasab Seyed D. Vojdanparast H. [The relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement of students in basic sciences, human sciences, teacher education institutions - University College of Human Sciences Literature Tabriz 2003; 45 (183-184): 101-125. [Persain]
33. Prvryan H.[The relationship between extraversion -introversion source control and academic achievement of students in Engineering and humanities]. [dissertation]. University of Science and Research Branch. 2003. [Persian]
34. Salmalian Z, Kazemnezhad Leili.[E-Correlation between self-concept and academic achievement of students]. Journal of Holistic Nursing Comprehensive Gynecology; 24 (71): 40-47. [Persian]
35. Darayi J. [Correlation burley family, social base and place control with achievement motive at student year 3 medium at year academic 1998-1999]. Q Educ 2006; 3 (17) :44-9. [Persian]
36. Grant Results. Time pressures leave doctors dissatisfied. [Cited 2006 Sept20 ] Available from: http://education.sums.ac.ir/rules/rahnama.html.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

salmalian Z, Kazem- nezhad leilie E, Gholami-chaboki B. A study of the Relationship between Academic Achievement and Students' Locus of Control . rme. 2018; 9 (4) :48-39
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-344-en.html
Back to the articles list Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education