[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Number 4 (1-2016) ::
Research in Medical Education 2016, 7(4): 3-12 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Futurism and Educational Performance of students in Medical Sciences of Shiraz University: Mediation Role of Goal Orientation
J Torkzade *, F Keshavarzi
Torkzadeh J, Department of Educational administration and planning, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. , djt2891@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2110 Views)

Introduction: futurism as a feature effects on students goal orientation and academic performance. Universities have a significant role in nurturing and developing this character. Therefore, aim of this study is to examine the relationship between Futurism and academic performance considering the role of goal orientation as a mediator.

Methods: This study was an analytic – descriptive, correlation research. The population included all students in Medical Sciences of Shiraz University that the research sample consists of 197 students of Medical Sciences of Shiraz University in 2014 which were  selected by random sampling method. Research tools consist of future assessing questionnaire and goal orientation questionnaire. Content validity was favorably  and  Component reliability futurism was (72.0) and goal orientation was (74.0). Then, data were   analysed using analysis method based on Baron and Kenny And SPSS software.

Results: The results showed that Student’s futurism predicts significantly their educational performance (F=6/240, p>0.0001). Components of futurism have significant effect on performance-approach goal orientation (F= 4/787, p> 0.0001), Also the goal orientation variables such as performance-approach (B=0/33, p> 0.0001) and mastery-approach (B=0.37, p> 0.0001) predict significantly the degree of student’s educational performance.

Conclusion: According to these results, futurism and having a positive attitude about the future have important role in goal orientation because motivation that is created in a person's attitude to the future is meant to predict the future goals at the moment and of course increases trying to get a high-performance and conse quentry promote of education.

Keywords: Futurism, goal orientation, academic performance, Mediating, students, Medical Sciences
Full-Text [PDF 503 kb]   (712 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
References
1. Kaya H, Bodur G, Yalniz N.The relationship between high school students’ attitudes toward future and subjective well-being. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2014; 116: 3869 – 3873.
2. Guler A. Relationship between self-construal’s and future time orientations.[dissertation], Ankara: Middle East Technical University;2004.
3. Neblett NG, Cortina KS. Adolescents’ thoughts about parents’ jobs and their importance for adolescents’ future orientation, Journal of Adolescence 2006; 29(5):795-811.
4. Moradi M. [Future role in the security of a stable and safe]. Police Knowledge Lorestan 2005 ;1(3):102-111. [Persian]
5. Wayman S. The Handbook of sustainable literacy: Skills for a changing world.Dartington: Green Books. 2009.
6. Eryılmaz A, Atak H. An investigation self-esteem and optimism of inclination in adolescence . E-Social Sciences 2011; 10(37): 170-181
7. Oladipo SE, Balogun SK. How suitable is the satisfaction with Life Scale for use on adolescents in Nigeria, Science Journal of Psychology 2012; 2: 1-3.
8. Hashemian A. [Combined analysis of barriers from the perspective of faculty teaching courses in agriculture and natural resources Khuzestan]. Proceedings of the 1th Iranian International Conference of Management, Futurism, Entrepreneurship and industry in Higher Education; 2011 May 17-18; Sanandaj, Iran. 2011. [Persian]
9. Ghoorchian N; Salehi M. [Designing a model for institutionalizing futures at Islamic Azad University, Research in Curriculum, 2004; 2: 22-1. [Persian]
10. Lehtonen A. Future thinking and learning in improvisation and a collaborative devised theatre project within primary school students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2012; 45:104–113.
11. Karshki H. Mohseni N. Motivation in learning and teaching. Tehran: Sound of Light, 2012. [Persian]
12. Elliot A, McGregor H. Achievement Goal Framework, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2001; 80: 501-509.
13. VandeWalle D. Goal orientation: Why wanting to look successful doesn’t always lead to success. Organizational Dynamics2001; 30, (2):162-171.
14. Yeo GB, Neal A. A multilevel analysis of effort, practice, and performance: Effects of ability, conscientiousness, and goal orientation. Journal of Applied Psychology2005; 89, (2): 231-247.
15. Fryer JW, Elliot AJ. Self-regulation of achievement goal pursuit, Motivation and self regulated learning: Theory, research, and applications. New York.2008.
16. MoshtaghiS. [Predicted academic achievement on achievement goal orientation]. Strategies Journal of Education 2004; 5(2):94-89. [Persian]
17. Kaplan A, Martin L, Maehr L. The contributions and prospects of goal orientation theory. Educational Psychology 2007; 19(2): 41-84.
18. Pintrich PR, Schunk DH. Motivation in Education: Theory, Research, and Applications. New Jersey, Johnston;2002.
19. Anthony Day, E. Radosevich DJ, Chasteen CS. Construct - and criterion related validity of four commonly used goal orientation instruments. Contemporary Educational Psychology2003: 28: 434 –464.
20. Pintrich PR, Conley AM, Kempner TM. Current Issues in achievement goal theory and research, International Journal of educational Research2003; 39(4): 319–337.
21. Elliot AJ, Moller AC. Performance-approach goals: good or bad forms of regulation. International Journal of Educational Research 2003; 39: 339–356.
22. Parsa A, keshavarzi F, Dehghan N. [Measure the effectiveness of education and educational success of the future capabilities (Case Study - Shahid Chamran University)]. Proceedings of the 1st Iranian International Conference of anagement, Futurism, Entrepreneurship and industry in Higher Education; 2011 May 17-18; Sanandaj, Iran: 2011. [Persian]
23. Karshki H, Hashemi G. [Future role in motivation and learning performance: Find the roots of motivation on performance and future prospects]. Proceedings of the National Conference of Educational Psychology 2014, March 21,7-1. [Persian]
24. Hicks D. The future only arrives when things look dangerous: Reflections on future education in the UK. Journal of Futures 2012; 44(1):4-13.
25. Sharifiardalani A. [ Predict academic achievement based on personality characteristic determination and goal orientation of graduate students at Shiraz University]. [dissertation]. Shiraz : Shiraz University; 2011. [Persian]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.rme.7.4.3


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Torkzade J, Keshavarzi F. Relationship between Futurism and Educational Performance of students in Medical Sciences of Shiraz University: Mediation Role of Goal Orientation. Research in Medical Education. 2016; 7 (4) :3-12
URL: http://rme.gums.ac.ir/article-1-234-en.html
Volume 7, Number 4 (1-2016) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش در آموزش علوم پزشکی Research in Medical Education